To deny a human the opportunity to learn is to deny the world the a future scientist,  teacher or humanitarian.  No one benefits and everyone loses.



Learning is experience.  Through our senses we experience objects and events and create memory in various parts of our brain.  I do not, therefore, believe that adults learn differently from children, but that because there experiences are so much greater that they process the information through the use of previously stored memories of experiences.  This is my hypothesis and there are others.

There are many who have studied adult learning and this page will take you to some of the material on the subject.

In this section you will find information that I have gathered and use as resources.  I hope that you also find them useful.  To locate information on this topic, click on the most relevant button below.


Atherton, J.S. has created a marvelous site about teaching and learning.  This is his page on Knowles but be sure to explore the entire site for some wonderful information.

Imel, Susan: Article "Inclusive Adult Learning Environments. Eric Digest

Kearsley, Greg incorporates a section about Theories in Practice and discusses adult learning theory. 

Lieb, Steven.  Principles of Adult Learning document.

Longitudinal Study of Adult Learning addresses key questions about literacy development





Fidishun, D. Andragogy and Technology: Integrating Adult Learning Theory as We Teach with Technology.  Penn State Great Valley School of Professional Studies. 2000

Jarvis, P. Adult & Continuing Education. Theory and Practice. Second Edition. Routledge: New York, NY. 1995

Knowles, M.S. Adult Education: New Dimensions Educational Leadership; 33,2, 85-8, Nov 75. 1975

Knowles, M.S. The Adult Learner; A Neglected Species. 1973. Gulf Publishing Company: Houston, TX

Knowles, M.S.; Holton, E.F., III; Swanson, R.A. The Adult Learner. The Definitive Classic in Adult Education and Human Resource Development. Fifth Edition. 1998. Gulf Publishing Company: Houston, TX

Knowles, M.S. The Modern Practice of Adult Education; Andragogy versus Pedagogy. 1970. The Association Press: New York, N.Y.

Knowles, M.S. Self-Directed Learning: A Guide for Learners and Teachers. 1975. Association Press: New York, NY

Lawler, P.A. The Keys to Adult Learning: Theory and Practical Stragegies. Research for Better Schools, Philadelphia, PA. 1991

Tweedell, C.B.A. Theory of Adult Learning and Implications for Practice. Annual Meeting of the Midwest Educational Research Association, Chicago, IL 2000

Warnat, W.I. Building a Theory of Adult Learning: Toward a Total Person Model. Adult Learning Potential Institute. 1980



Thirteen Ed adult lesson plans